A Short Guide on History of Taj Mahal - You Need To Know

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Taj Mahal History

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Today, I am going to share with you A Short Guide on the history of taj mahal in English.

History of Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal (ताज महल), is located in India, Uttar Pradesh, Agra is a white marble construction of the mausoleum is India's most famous monuments one. It is the mausoleum built by the 5th generation of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan to commemorate his second wife the late empress Jiman Barnum. 

Although the White Marble Dome is the most familiar part of the Taj Mahal, the entire Taj Mahal is a complex with multiple buildings, including gates, courtyards, and mosques, covering an area of ​​17 hectares.

The Taj Mahal is widely regarded as “the building of Indian Muslim culture”, whose design combines the style of Indian architecture and Persian architecture and is considered to be the most exquisite example of Mughal architecture.

The Taj Mahal began construction in about 1632 and was completed around 1653. It used thousands of craftsmen and was very expensive. 

Taj Mahal was entrusted to design and build a team of architects, the director Shah Khan, the team includes Abdul Karim Mir (Mir Abd-ul Karim), Make La Matt Khan (Makramat Khan) and architects such as Ustad Ahmed Lahore. 

Among them, the Persian architect Lahore is generally considered to be the chief designer.

In 1983, UNESCO listed the Taj Mahal as a World Heritage Site, calling it "the treasures of Indian Muslim art" and "one of the world's most masterpieces of world heritage."

Taj Mahal History

History of Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal Origin and inspiration

The Taj Mahal word is the transliteration of the Taj, which is the meaning of the crown.

Therefore, it is not possible to call Jiman Barnu, who was buried here, as Taj. Ji Man Banu is the 20th wife of Shah Jahan’s father, Jahangir, the niece of Mojo Joshua, who was married to Shah Jahan, then Prince Kulamu, in 1612, and was given to Muta Zama.

The title of Mumtaz Mahal means "the palace leader." Ji Man Banu entered the palace for 19 years, suffering from multiple pregnancies, and had 8 males and 6 females.

 In 1630, Ji Mann Barnu was unfortunately infected with puerperal fever when he gave birth to the 14th child Gao Ha Labeigu and died in the military camp of Nanzheng.

It is rumored that Jiman Barnu made three wishes to Shah Jahan before his death, one of which was to build the most beautiful mausoleum in the world for her.

The Mughal Court recorded the grief of Shah Jahan's death after his wife, confirming the love story as the origin of the Taj Mahal.

Taj Mahal Construction

History of Taj Mahal
Picture Credit to Indiatoday.com

The Taj Mahal was built on a piece of land south of Agra. In exchange for the land of the Jianling, Shah Jahan was awarded to the Grand Palace of Jay Singh in the center of Agra.

Workers dug 1.2 hectares of land and filled it with soil to reduce water seepage. After the entire area is filled, it is 50 meters higher than the river bank.

Workers dug wells in the mausoleum and filled them with stones and gravel to build the base of the tomb.

Instead of using bamboo-bundled scaffolding, the building built a giant scaffolding similar to the shape of the mausoleum. The foreman estimated that it took several years to dismantle such a large scaffolding.

The construction of the Taj Mahal uses materials from all over India and throughout Asia. It is believed that the transport of these building materials uses more than 1,000 elephants.

Building use from Rajasthan Makrana translucent white marble, from Punjab in Jasper, produced in China's jade and crystal, produced in Tibet turquoise, Afghan lapis lazuli, Sri Lanka sapphire and Arab carnelian. A total of 28 gems and minerals are set in white marble.

It is said that Shah Jahan ordered anyone to take the bricks removed from the scaffolding, so the farmers removed the scaffolding overnight.

A number of special trucks with twenty to thirty cows were used to carry marble and other building materials and transported along a 15km long dedicated dirt road to the construction site.

After the stone was delivered to the site, it was upgraded to the desired position through a series of fine wooden skeleton pulley systems. The water needed for the mausoleum complex comes from a kind of animal power device called "purs".

This kind of rope and bucket of animal power machine takes water from the river and introduces it into a large water tank.

The water in the water tank flows into the three auxiliary water tanks and is further piped to the building complex.

The pedestal of the mausoleum and the main body of the mausoleum took about 12 years to complete. Since then, the minaret, mosque, defense hall and gate around the mausoleum have been completed, and it took another 10 years.

Since the construction of the mausoleum is divided into several stages, the definition of the "completed" of the mausoleum is different, so there are many sayings about the completion date of the Taj Mahal.

The main body of the mausoleum was basically completed in 1643, and the outer buildings of the mausoleum were constructed for several years.

Since the costs of different stages are difficult to estimate, there are many different estimates of the total cost of the Taj building.

It is estimated that the total cost of the project was INR 32 million at the time, equivalent to 52.8 billion Indian rupees or 827 million US dollars in 2015.

Taj Mahal After completion

Abdul Hamid Raja Uri in the " imperial century will be the" Taj Mahal is known as the "Tomb of Shining" (rauza-i munawwara). Shortly after the completion of the Taj Mahal, Shah Jahan was deposed by his son, Aurangzeb, and was placed under house arrest in nearby Agra Fort.

After Shah Jahan’s death, Aurangzeb buried himat the tomb of Jiman Banuin the Taj Mahal.

18th century, Bharatpur princely states of at people invaded and attacked the Taj Mahal in Agra, robbed the suspension of the Knight agate like a sarcophagus and a silver knight-like, as well as gold and silver system screen.

The Mughal historian Kanbo said that the 4.6-meter-high dome on the main dome was covered with a gold mask, and the gold cover was lost after the Jats were looted.

By the 19th century, some buildings in the Taj Mahal had been repaired. During the Indian National Uprising in 1857, British soldiers and British government officials randomly cut gemstones and lapis lazuli from the walls of the Taj Mahal.

At the end of the 19th century, the Governor of India, the Marquis of Hamamatsu, ordered the restoration of the Taj Mahal. The restoration project was completed in 1908.

Yu Song also referred to the chandelier of a mosque in Cairo and ordered the large chandelier in the main hall of the Taj Mahal, which has been used ever since.

During the restoration, the courtyard of the Taj Mahal was transformed into the current English lawn.

Taj Mahal Tourism

History of Taj Mahal

Visitors to the Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal attracts a large number of tourists every year. According to UNESCO statistics, more than 2 million tourists visited the Taj Mahal in 2001, which rose to 7-8 million in 2014.

The entrance fee for the Taj Mahal is divided into two categories, and the fare for Indian citizens is far lower than that for foreign tourists.

Most visitors will choose to visit in the cooler months of October, November or February. Due to traffic pollution near the Taj Mahal complex, visitors must walk to the mausoleum from the parking lot or take an electric bus.

The northern courtyard of the Taj Mahal (Khawasspuras) is currently being refurbished and will be used as a new visitor center in the future.

Taj Mahal southernmost part of the market is called the Taj or Mumtazabad, built the original caravan inn, Bazaar, and markets to serve tourists and workers to come to the Taj Mahal. This part has gradually evolved to form today's towns.

The Taj Mahal often appears on the list of tourist destinations, and is often included in the list of the world's seven wonders, and was successfully elected in the 2007 World Seven Wonders.

The Taj Mahal is open from 6 am to 7 pm Monday to Thursday, and the Taj Mahal Mosque is open for prayer from 12 noon to 2 pm on Friday.

Since November 2004, the Taj Mahal has opened a night tour on the full moon day and two days before and after, unless it coincides with Friday or Ramadan.

For safety reasons, visitors to the Taj Mahal can only carry transparent bottled water, small cameras, cameras, mobile phones, and women's wallets.

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Nanne Parmar: A Short Guide on History of Taj Mahal - You Need To Know
A Short Guide on History of Taj Mahal - You Need To Know
Nanne Parmar
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